Persian Poets

Hafiz
Hafiz

 

 

 

 

 

Hafez is one of the most famous Persian poets of the 14th century (8th century Hegira). He was born in Shiraz and lived there his whole life, due to his utmost love and interest in the weather, the nature and the beauty of Shiraz.

Although he had different opportunities to travel, he rarely left Shiraz. His name, “Hafez” means “someone who knows something by heart” and as Hafez knew the whole Quran he acquired this name. He has always been popular among Iranians and other nations.

 

For Iranians, his book is a necessity in every house, and holds the same status as the holy Quran. It is true that Hafez was one the favorites characters of Goethe, the great German poet, and he is known as the third most famous poet in the world by many scholars and nobles. In his poems, especially his complicated mystic lyrics that he is famous for, he usually talks about love. His collection of poems, ‘Divan-e-Hafez’, has been translated into English several times; however rarely have the translations been able to capture the beauty and mysticism of his poems.

 

Hafez died and was buried in Shiraz in his private resort, Mosalla, and his tomb is surrounded by a rather small but a tranquil and beautiful garden. Visiting Hafez’s tomb is a pilgrimage for all Iranians.

 

Hafiz Tomb

Hafiz Tomb

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Saadi

Saadi

Saadi was born in 1207 and was one of the greatest poets of in Iran . Originally, he was from a wealthy and educated family. As he notes in one of his poems, all his family belonged to the clergy class, but instead of religion, he was interested in literature. Thus, a few decades later he was one the most famous and popular poets of his time.

In order to meet the scholars and study in famous schools of Baghdad and Nezamiyyeh. Saadi started traveling when he was young. He went on a number of journeys and visited different countries such as Syria, Palestine, Asia Minor, North Africa, and India. Traveling took almost 40 years of his life. Whilst traveling he paid close attention to people of mostly the middle class, and observed how they behaved and what their foibles and follies were.

By returning to Shiraz as an experienced scholar, he started to write his two literary masterpieces, famous all around the world. ‘Bustan’ was written in verse and includes moral tips, gives advice on how live, and discusses politics and science. His other book, ‘Golestan’ is a masterpiece in prose in which Saadi speaks of his experiences during his journeys. He has a number of other works including lyrics and Ghazaliyat which are all collected in a one book called ‘Kolliat-e- Sa’di’.

Saadi Tomb
Saadi Tomb

 

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Ferdowsi

 

Ferdowsi

Hakim Abu’l-Qasim Ferdowsi is the most famous epic poet of Iran. He was born in 935 Ad, near the city of Tus in Khorasan, during the reign of the Samanid Empire, who were the first to revive the Persian culture and language after the Arab conquest.

To honor the Samanid kings, he started to write an epic book based on a prose about myths and history of Iran, but it didn’t take long before the Ghaznavids defeated the Persian empire and conquered the country.

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Omar Khayam
Omar Khayam

 

 

 

 

 

Born in 1048, Khayyam lived in the 11th and 12th centuries, during the reign of the Seljuqs and was much respected by the Seljuq kings.

He is the most well-known eastern poet among the Europeans for his book of poems ‘Rubaiyat Omar Khayyam’ (Quatrains of Khayyam) which includes more than 100 quatrains. A great number of his quatrains concentrate on love, life and death.The great contemporary Persian writer, Sadeq Hedayat, described the philosophy of Khayyam’s poems as creation, the passage of life and ‘Carpe Diem.’ His poems have also had great influence on western poets including Mark Twain and T.S. Elliot. Khayyam’s book has been translated into a number of languages and was introduced to the western world by Oscar Fitzgerald.

Khayyam is known not only for his poems but also for his achievements in mathematics and astronomy. His calendar reformations resulted in the invention of “Jalali calendar” which is the world’s most accurate calendar; having only a one hour margin of error in 5500 years.

Omar Khayyam died in 1131 and buried in Neyshabur, his birthplace. A spectacular tomb was erected in his honour and many visitors are fascinated by the eye-catching architecture and peaceful atmosphere.

 

Omar Khayam
Omar Khayam Tomb

 

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Rumi

Rumi

Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī was a 13th-century poet and mystic, known as Mowlavi in Iran and the Middle East. In the western world, he is known as Rumi and his books are admired around the world.

He was born in 1207 in Balkh, Afghanistan or as some people believe, in Wakhsh, Tajikistan; however, since both these places were parts of the Iranian Khwarazmi Empire, Rumi is considered as a Persian poet. He used the Persian language for his work and emphasizes that:

“Say all in Persian even if Arabic is better – Love will find its way through all languages on its own.”

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