Alborz Range

Alborz Range
Alborz Range

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alborz Mountains, also spelled as Albourz, Alburz, Elburz or Elbourz, with a length of 900 km is a major mountain range in northern Iran. Stretching from the borders of Azerbaijan and Armenia in the northwest to the southern end of the Caspian Sea, and ending in the east, near the borders of Turkmenistan and Afghanistan.

The term “Alborz Mountains” has been loosely used in reference to all of the mountains of northern Iran. The Alborz Mountains gain their maximum height and density along the southern shores of the Caspian Sea where they create a formidable barrier that separates the coastal plains from the internal plateau of Iran. Close proximity to the Caspian coast has created a steamy lush environment on the coastal plains and the northern-most slopes of the mountains. In some places (near the coastal towns of Ramsar and Noshahr), the strip of land between the mountains and the sea is no more than one kilometer wide.

The southern slopes of the Alborz drop onto the central plateau of Iran. The average elevation of this plateau at the base of the mountains is around 1500 m. In contrast to the lush northern slopes, the southern slopes of the Alborz Mountains are barren. Trees can be found only on stream banks at the bottom of the valleys. Grasslands, alpine tundra and permanent snow cover the higher slopes of the Alborz range. Winter brings a heavy coat of powdery snow, creating an ideal place for skiing. This much snow provides enough fresh water for the nearby cities including the 10 million mega-city of Tehran. The distance between 5671 m Mt. Damavand and Haraz Valley with an altitude of 1000 m in northeast of it, is less than 17 kilometers!

 

Damavand Mountain
Damavand Mountain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The only peak higher than 5000 m in Iran is Damavand with 5,610 meters (18,406 ft) altitude in center of Alborz range, 70 km from Tehran. Mount Damavand is the result of volcanic activities at the beginning of the quaternary geologic time (Pleistocene stage).

Damavand, like many volcanic mountains has a conic shape which is similar to Fujiyama in Japan.

Although Damavand is an inactive volcano but still produces Sulphur Dioxide. Basically, this means Damavand is going thorough the last stage before completely turning into a silent volcano. However, warm mineral springs, absence of extensive glaciers and frequent earthquakes in every few years, proves there is still a long way to go. Being visible from far distances, makes this isolated, high altitude conic shape volcano spectacular amongst other high mountains in the region.

Damavand region is one of the most beautiful natural surroundings with fields full of wild poppy and purple lily in springs and long grass plots in green moderate summers. Along with hard winters the summit and slopes are always covered by snow.

In Iran’s history, Damavand has always been a symbol of pride and resistance.

 

 

 

 

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